Latin name: Gentiana lutea.
Alternative names: Bitterwort, Bitterroot, yellow gentian, Enzian, Pale Gentian.
Forms Available: Root bark, tincture, decoction, capsule and powder.
The European Gentian family is the largest species in the family and gentian family having many members. This European gentian plants grow well at high altitudes from 2.300 to 8.000 feet in height. This herb cultivated using seeds, or by dividing the roots of this plant . The Gentian plant grows well in loamy soil with a shaded and sheltered atmosphere. Harvesting of this plant is usually done in the fall. Gentian plant contains slightly yellow crystalline substance, amarogentin, gentianose, Gentiamarin, Gentiopicrin, Gentiin, fructose, dextrose, sucrose and Gentianic Acid . This herb has also cholagogue, anthelmintic, depurative, stomachic, gastric stimulant, emenagogue, bitter, antiseptic, refrigerant, tonic, febrifuge properties.
Other Uses: Gentian is used in some regions of Europe to prepare a bitter alcoholic beverage. This particular beverage is regarded as a mark for many European countries.
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