Known many, but not all possible routes of transmission of hepatitis C. Some patients are diagnosed and have no precedent to justify the spread, so it is assumed that there are different routes of infection named, and have not I could be demonstrated so far.
Blood transfusions: today is a rare infection pathway for the controls to which it is subjected to the blood used for transfusions said. However, there are many patients who contracted the disease by this route when it had not discovered the virus or had way to detect (before 1990). There is a period called 'window', since you develop antibodies until contagious (which is what the analysis detected), which would miss the diagnosis of hepatitis. To reduce the risk, patients are doing a survey on risk factors so that if there is doubt that may have spread, his blood is not accepted.
Share syringes: addicted patients injected drugs and people who were treated with injections in the period in which no disposable syringes are used can get hepatitis C. Today, in our country the group of users drugs is one of the most affected by the disease. Medical personnel can get an accidental puncture.
Tattoos and 'piercing' can cause infection if disposables are not used or do not have the appropriate hygiene measures. The person doing the 'piercing' should wear gloves and wash hands after each job.
Sexual way: sex is usually not a common cause of infection. There are some relationships of risk, such as those of homosexual character (if any anal erosions). It also increases the risk of infection if the person concerned or your partner have a concomitant sexually transmitted disease: HIV infection increases the risk of infection and gonorrhea or chlamydia. During menstruation sex for the presence of blood is discouraged.
Maternal-fetal Via: the children of affected mothers may become infected. The risk of transmission is 2% and increases to 4-7% for children of mothers with positive RNA at delivery. It also depends, in part, that there are other associated or traumatic childbirth infections. It can be spread at any time during pregnancy but it seems more common in the time of delivery.
Sharing toothbrushes or razors can contact the blood of an infected with one uninfected and this could be a theoretical vehicle of infection patient, so that these practices are discouraged.
Hepatitis C is not spread through breastfeeding, hugging, coughing, sneezing, food or water, casual contact, sharing eating utensils or drinking glasses.