Cinvestav Mexico researchers found in some components present in garlic and grapes, are antiparasitic effective in combating diseases such as amebiasis and giardiasis.
Some of the ingredients in the kitchen could have a role that goes beyond serving as satiating appetite. Mexican researchers Research Center and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV) found in garlic and grapes antiparasitic agents against diseases of the digestive system.
According to Raúl Argüello García, member of the Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology Cinvestav, allicin, a compound present in garlic, has therapeutic efficacy against giardiasis, a condition caused by the pathogen Giardia causes diarrhea in children can limiting nutrient absorption in the intestine.
" Allicin broke parasite membrane due to cytolytic effect on Parasites. Other than that, binds to proteins that are rich in an amino acid called cysteine , "said researchers.
This conclusion a kind of very sensitive rodent came after run multiple experiments on a group of gerbils, infection Giardi to and supply garlic extract and then a purified version of allicin first.
This finding could represent a more viable natural alternative in fighting the disease. And, according Arguello, some of the most common drugs can cause severe side effects to the extent that the patient leaves the treatment and causing parasites become resistant to future medicines.
"Generally, for this table metronidazole, albendazole, furazolidone and paromomycin, that induce apoptosis or programmed cell death is used. Allicin develops a process called necrosis in the giardia, which is usually not as aggressive as the first, "he said.
Although toxicity testing was found that allicin may cause minimal damage to the body, it has identified this compound with various applications in the health field. And, besides being a powerful antioxidant, has effects on other conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and helps to lower high cholesterol levels, said the researcher.
Moreover, it was also found that resveratrol , a compound found in grapes and wine, has positive effects on the fight against Entamoeba histolytica, responsible for producing the parasite amebiasis (cramping, diarrhea, fatigue, rectal pain).
"There are important data from work on in vitro models crops amoebas . Although it is a discovery that is in its early stages, in the future could become an alternative treatmentt. Department of Molecular Pathogenesis Infectómica and Cinvestav.
Besides being in more than 70 species of plants, such as pine nuts and other studies claim that resveratrol has antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, antiproliferative, antifungal and antiviral effects.
For now, both studies allicin and resveratrol found in a previous phase of reformulation in order to be applied in pilot studies in other animals and then be tested in humans.
These findings add to others as done in the 1960s by Professor Tu Youyou Chinese in which it was possible to treat an epidemic of malaria from some extracts from sweet wormwood as Artemisia annua (Qinghao).